The name Latvija is derived from the name of the ancient Latgalians, one of four Indo-European Baltic tribes (along with Couronians, Selonians and Semigallians), which formed the ethnic core of modern Latvians together with the Finnic Livonians.Henry of Latvia coined the latinisations of the country's name, "Lettigallia" and "Lethia", both derived from the Latgalians. Meet thousands of singles in Latvija with Mingle2's free personal ads and chat rooms.Our network of single men and women in Latvija is the perfect place to make friends or find a boyfriend or girlfriend in Latvija.It is a member of the European Union, NATO, the Council of Europe, the United Nations, CBSS, the IMF, NB8, NIB, OECD, OSCE, and WTO.For 2014, Latvia was listed 46th on the Human Development Index and as a high income country on 1 July 2014.
Latvia has 1,957,200 inhabitants After centuries of Swedish, Livonian, Polish and Russian rule, a rule mainly executed by the Baltic German aristocracy, the Republic of Latvia was established on 18 November 1918 when it broke away and declared independence from Russia in the aftermath of World War I.
Gotthard Kettler, the last Master of the Order of Livonia, formed the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia.
Though the duchy was a vassal state to Poland, it retained a considerable degree of autonomy and experienced a golden age in the 16th century.
Latvia is historically predominantly Lutheran Protestant, except for the Latgale region in the southeast, which has historically been predominantly Roman Catholic.
The Russian population has also brought a significant portion of Eastern Orthodox Christians.