Giving a loosely-defined group of individuals a name often serves a particular political or social agenda and an analysis of the way such phrases are constructed and used may therefore be of considerable importance to the social historian, even where the objective existence of an in this sense is harder to demonstrate than that of (say) a named person.In the case of businesses or other formally constituted institutions, the component parts of an organizational name may help to characterize the organization in terms of its perceived geographical location, ownership, likely number of employees, management structure, etc.As an example of the first case, a project might maintain its own local database system containing canonical information about persons and places, each entry in which is accessed by means of some system-specific identifier constructed in a project-specific way from the value supplied for the attribute provides a convenient way of associating an event or date with a named period.Its value is a pointer which should indicate some other element where the period concerned is more precisely defined.Similarly, when confronted with a string such as , the analyst will often wish to distinguish amongst the various constituent elements present, since they provide additional information about the status, occupation, or residence of the person to whom the name belongs.The following elements are provided for these and related purposes: The pers Name element may be used in preference to the general name element irrespective of whether or not the components of the personal name are also to be marked.Further examples, and discussion of some alternative approaches to normalization are given in section The core rs and name elements can distinguish names in a text but are insufficiently powerful to mark their internal components or structure.
A similar range is provided for names of places and organizations.
The distinction between them is that a role Name encloses an associated name component such as an aristocratic or official title which exists in some sense independently of its bearer. Where the internal structure of personal names is highly complex or where name components are particularly ambiguous, feature structures are recommended as the most appropriate mechanism to mark and analyze them, as further discussed in chapter for any named collection of people regarded as a single unit.
Typical examples include institutions such as ‘Harvard College’ or ‘the BBC’ and businesses such as ‘Apple’ or ‘Google’ but also racial or ethnic groupings or political factions where these are regarded as forming a single agency such as ‘the Scythians’ or ‘the Militant Tendency’.
In this example, we indicate that a surname is toponymic, and also point to the specific place name from which it is derived: was suggested above for the not uncommon case where the whole of a surname is composed of several other surname elements.
These nested surnames may be individually tagged as well, together with appropriate type values: attribute common to all members of the Name Part class; its effect is to state the sequence in which forename and surname elements should be combined when constructing a sort key for the name.; these qualifications may also be used to distinguish similarly named but unrelated people.